If you are planning a trip to England and are not sure where to visit you will find essential information in this guide. Discover the 9 regions of England and the main highlights of each.

If you are planning to visit England and want to explore more of the country beyond London it can be confusing to know where to go and what to see. You may already have a bucket list for London and an idea of other sights, famous landmarks, cities, towns, villages and areas such as Stonehenge, Bath or the Cotswolds you want to visit.

Knowing which places are accessible from London on a day trip or which are best included and visited as part of a road trip, rail trip (or perhaps a group tour) is important. Prioritising the places that interest you so they can be included in your itinerary means that you won’t return home after your trip with regrets about the places you didn’t see.

Map of England.
UK AND LONDON TRAVEL PLANNING

What are the 9 regions of England?

England is divided into 9 geographical regions. These are London, the North East, North West, Yorkshire, East Midlands, West Midlands, South East, East of England and the South West. As you will discover each has its own accents, traditions and character!

In this article, you will learn where the different areas are located geographically plus find out the main sights, attractions and things to do in each. As this post is an introduction to each area you will find links below each section to take you to further detailed articles.

This post is a great starting point when considering what to include in your UK travel itinerary beyond London (area guides for Wales and Scotland are coming soon) and even for those of you planning a UK staycation.

North East

Map highlighting the north east of England

Famous for the natural beauty of its coastline, proud industrial heritage and historical legacy which includes Roman ruins and the most castles in England, the North East of England has much to offer visitors.

Consisting of the counties of Northumberland, Tyne and Wear and Durham its major cities are Newcastle, Sunderland and Durham.

Highlights of the area include

  • Driving the Northumberland Coastal Route
  • Durham Cathedral (a UNESCO World Heritage Site)
  • The Holy Island of Lindisfarne
  • Fascinating castles including Alnwick Castle and Bamburgh Castle (Northumberland has more castles than any other English county)
  • Hadrian’s Wall (Roman Wall which marked the most northerly frontier of the Roman Empire)

Durham Castle

Durham

Angel of the North

The Angel of the North

A silhouetted image of Lindisfarne Island which is a top place to visit in any England Regional Guide

The Holy Island of Lindisfarne

Bamburgh Castle.

Bamburgh Castle

Hadrian's Wall.

Hadrian’s Wall is one of England’s most historic sites

North West

Map highlighting the north west of England

With a musical heritage that includes one of the most famous bands of all time, areas of stunning natural beauty and the home of some of the best football teams in the world the North West of England has something for everyone.

The counties of Cumbria, Lancashire, Merseyside, Cheshire and Greater Manchester are located in this region as well as the cities of Liverpool, Blackpool, Chester and Manchester.

Some highlights of the area include

Lake District

Lake District

Chester

Chester

Liverpool

Liverpool

Beatles in Liverpool

Liverpool is the perfect destination for fans of the Beatles

Visit Manchester United's football ground Old Trafford.

Old Trafford – a mecca for Manchester United fans

Yorkshire

Map highlighting Yorkshire in England

Yorkshire is the largest county in England and is famous for beautiful scenery, historic cities, cosy pubs, Yorkshire puddings and its literary connections (to name but a few!)

Major cities in Yorkshire include York, Leeds and Sheffield.

Highlights include

Fountains Abbey

Fountains Abbey

The Shambles in York

The Shambles in York

Whitby

Whitby

A tray of Yorkshire Puddings.

One of England’s favourite traditional dishes comes from Yorkshire!

Haworth Church.

Haworth Church

East Midlands

Map highlighting the east midlands of England

The East Midlands incorporates some of the most beautiful countryside in England including the Peak District and Derbyshire Dales.

The counties of Derbyshire, Nottinghamshire, Leicestershire, Northamptonshire, Rutland and parts of Lincolnshire comprise the East Midlands. And major cities include Derby, Nottingham, Leicester and Lincoln.

Highlights include

  • The market town of Bakewell in Derbyshire
  • Chatsworth House
  • Cromford Mills (UNESCO World Heritage Site and birthplace of the factory system)
  • King Richard III centre in Leicester
  • Lincoln Castle
Chatsworth

Chatsworth House

Lincoln Castle

Lincoln Castle

View of the Peak District

The Peak District

A row of houses in Bakewell.

Bakewell in the Peak District

Robin Hood statue in Nottingham.

Robin Hood statue in Nottingham

West Midlands

Map highlighting the west midlands of England

The West Midlands was described as the “workshop of the world” due to its industrial and engineering traditions.

It consists of the counties of Warwickshire, Staffordshire, Shropshire, Worcestershire and Herefordshire.

Major cities in this area include Birmingham, Coventry, Stoke-on-Trent and Wolverhampton.

Highlights include

  • Stratford upon Avon – home of William Shakespeare
  • Ironbridge (UNESCO World Heritage Site and birthplace of the Industrial Revolution)
  • Warwick Castle
  • Shugborough Hall
Warwick Castle

Warwick Castle

Anne Hathaway's cottage

Anne Hathaway’s cottage

Ironbridge

Ironbridge

Medieval houses in Stratford upon Avon.

Medieval houses in Stratford Upon Avon

Birmingham canals in the evening.

Canals in Birmingham

South East

Map highlighting the south east of England

The South East is the most populated area of England and provides lots of great day trip ideas from London.

It includes the counties of East Sussex, Hampshire, Surrey, Kent, Oxfordshire, Berkshire and Buckinghamshire.

Major cities are Brighton, Canterbury, Winchester, Portsmouth and Chichester.

Some highlights include

Brighton Pavilion

Brighton Pavilion

Oxford

Oxford

Leeds Castle

Leeds Castle

Blenheim

Blenheim Palace

White cliffs of Dover

White cliffs of Dover

South West

Map highlighting the south west of England

The South West home to Doc Martin, Poldark, Cornish teas, quaint villages and a stunning coastline consists of the counties of Devon, Cornwall, Dorset, Somerset, Wiltshire and Gloucestershire.

Major cities in the region are Bristol and Bath.

Some highlights include

Bath

Bath

The Jurassic Coast

The Jurassic Coast

The Cotswolds an essential place to visit in any England Regional Guide

The Cotswolds

St Ives harbour.

St Ives

Stonehenge.

Stonehenge

East of England

Map highlighting the east of England

The East of England is the flattest area in England and is famous for its fens, farming tradition, fishing and waterways. Parts of this area of England are also referred to as East Anglia which is its historical name.

It consists of the counties of Essex, Cambridgeshire, Norfolk, Suffolk, Bedfordshire, and Hertfordshire.

Major cities are Cambridge, Norwich, Bury St Edmunds, Ipswich and Colchester.

Highlights include

Windmill in Norfolk England

Look out for windmills in Norfolk!

Bury St Edmunds

Bury Saint Edmunds

The Norfolk Broads a top place to visit in an England Regional Guide

The Norfolk Broads

Cambridge

Cambridge

Ely Cathedral.

Ely Cathedral

Itinerary Planning Challenge

London

Map highlighting London in England

England’s capital city is home to over 8 million people.

It attracts over 30 million visitors from around the world each year with the Tower of London and the British Museum its most popular attractions.

Plan to spend at least 3-4 days in London to enjoy some of what this great city has to offer!

Highlights to include in your London itinerary

Big Ben and the Houses of Parliament

Houses of Parliament

Royal Guard at Buckingham Palace

Guard at Buckingham Palace

Red London phone boxes in a row

Famous red phone boxes

Resources to plan your England travel

Deciding exactly where to go in England and what to include in your itinerary when planning your visit can be tricky.

This article has provided you with a geographical overview of England and some of the main highlights of each region.

Read more in my guide to the 12 most beautiful cities in England or my detailed guides to each area.

Related Reading

Discover the 9 regions which make up England including the North East, North West, Yorkshire, London and more. #England